• Mayersohn, Michael (PI)
  • Funk, Janet L (PI)
  • Nix, David (PI)
  • Timmermann, Barbara (PI)
  • McLaughlin, Steven (PI)

Project: Research project

Grant Details


DESCRIPTION The use of dietary supplements
containing botanical products is rapidly expanding in the United States. While
the public is using these products for a wide range of health-related problems,
the safety and efficacy of the products and of their active components have not
been tested. The multidisciplinary Arizona Center for Phytomedicine Research
(ACPRx) will be established to promote the scientific study of botanicals
available to the public as dietary supplements in order to advance the quality
and quantity of scientific information about these products. During the first
five years, the ACPRx will concentrate its efforts on the research of the
safety and efficacy of several botanicals purported to have anti-inflammatory
actions and to be specific in the treatment of arthritis or other chronic
inflammatory diseases. These botanicals include Curcuma longa rhizome (powdered
turmeric root), Zingiber officinale rhizome (powdered ginger root) and the gum
resin of Boswellia serrata (boswellia). The three botanicals are commonly
recommended for arthritis patients seen at the Integrative Medicine Clinic at
the University of Arizona College of Medicine. The initial goals of the ACPRx
will be to address the chemistry of active compounds or mixtures of compounds,
mechanisms of action, oral bioavailability, pharmacodynamics, and
pharmacokinetics. The effect of the botanicals on production of
anti-inflammatory mediators will be evaluated in vitro, as well as in an animal
model and in human subjects ex vivo. The research component will consist of
three projects supported by two research and three administrative cores.
Project 1 will isolate and chemically characterize the active constituents by
the bioassay-guided approach, conduct biochemical studies to establish
mechanism(s) of action of produce standardization of the three botanicals for
projects 2 and 3.
Project 2 will characterize the pharmacokinetics (following intravenous dosing) and the gastrointestinal absorption kinetics (absolute oral bioavailability,
rates of absorption) of commercial formulations (as a function dose) as well as
capsules containing pure chemical and active components. Pharmacokinetic and
pharmacodynamic interaction among these botanicals will also be assessed. These
experiments will use the Yucatan minipig. Project 3 will characterize the basic
pharmacokinetics of how the human body handles the active botanical
constituents and the pharmacodynamics of their anti-inflammatory activity. This
clinical project will perform Phase I clinical trials with each of the three
botanicals (from commercially available sources) alone and in combination.
Administration Core I will be responsible for the day-to-day administrative
details, exchange of data among investigators, house the NAPIS database,
program coordination, pilot projects and evaluation of the ACPRx.
Administration Cores 2 (Information Collection and Dissemination Unit) and 3
(Consumer and Market Assessment Unit) will act as the consumer education and
public information units for the ACPRx. Research Core 1 (Botany/Agronomy) will
identify and authenticate botanical ingredients while Core 2 (Analytical
LC-MS-MS) will provide analytical support including dereplication,
identification, quantitative analysis of active compounds, bioavailability,
pharmacokinetic profiles, as well as identification of metabolites in animals
and humans. In the future, the ACPRx will expand its research to other
botanical dietary supplements in order to help not only the consumer but also
health care practitioners.
Effective start/end date9/30/007/31/07


  • National Institutes of Health: $1,200,000.00


  • Medicine(all)


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