A dorsomedial prefrontal cortex-based dynamic functional connectivity model of rumination

Jungwoo Kim, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Hedwig Eisenbarth, Byeol Kim Lux, Hong Ji Kim, Eunjin Lee, Martin A. Lindquist, Elizabeth A.Reynolds Losin, Tor D. Wager, Choong Wan Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Rumination is a cognitive style characterized by repetitive thoughts about one’s negative internal states and is a common symptom of depression. Previous studies have linked trait rumination to alterations in the default mode network, but predictive brain markers of rumination are lacking. Here, we adopt a predictive modeling approach to develop a neuroimaging marker of rumination based on the variance of dynamic resting-state functional connectivity and test it across 5 diverse subclinical and clinical samples (total n = 288). A whole-brain marker based on dynamic connectivity with the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) emerges as generalizable across the subclinical datasets. A refined marker consisting of the most important features from a virtual lesion analysis further predicts depression scores of adults with major depressive disorder (n = 35). This study highlights the role of the dmPFC in trait rumination and provides a dynamic functional connectivity marker for rumination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3540
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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