A female woolly mammoth’s lifetime movements end in an ancient Alaskan hunter-gatherer camp

Audrey G. Rowe, Clement P. Bataille, Sina Baleka, Evelynn A. Combs, Barbara A. Crass, Daniel C. Fisher, Sambit Ghosh, Charles E. Holmes, Kathryn E. Krasinski, François Lanoë, Tyler J. Murchie, Hendrik Poinar, Ben Potter, Jeffrey T. Rasic, Joshua Reuther, Gerad M. Smith, Karen J. Spaleta, Brian T. Wygal, Matthew J. Wooller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Woolly mammoths in mainland Alaska overlapped with the region’s first people for at least a millennium. However, it is unclear how mammoths used the space shared with people. Here, we use detailed isotopic analyses of a female mammoth tusk found in a 14,000-year-old archaeological site to show that she moved ~1000 kilometers from northwestern Canada to inhabit an area with the highest density of early archaeological sites in interior Alaska until her death. DNA from the tusk and other local contemporaneous archaeological mammoth remains revealed that multiple mammoth herds congregated in this region. Early Alaskans seem to have structured their settlements partly based on mammoth prevalence and made use of mammoths for raw materials and likely food.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalScience Advances
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A female woolly mammoth’s lifetime movements end in an ancient Alaskan hunter-gatherer camp'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this