Aggression and Academic Misconduct Among Justice-Involved Youth: The Roles of Facility Environment, Adverse Childhood Experiences and Social Competency

Lin Liu, Kristen M. Zgoba, Sabina Low

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As compared to adult populations, there is a significant dearth of studies examining official misconduct among juveniles, leaving important gaps in our knowledge. Utilizing a sample of youth completing juvenile justice residential placement in Florida across four fiscal years (n = 5739), the current study seeks to examine the joint effects of facility environment and individual characteristics on institutional misconduct, represented by aggression and academic misconduct in facilities. Academic Youths’ severity of criminal involvement, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), emotional and communication skills, and history of violence or drugs all contributed to explaining their aggression and academic misconduct in facilities. The level of institutional security consistently emerged as a significant predictor for academic misconduct and aggression. Aggression in facilities was more sensitive to the severity of ACEs. Policy implications and limitations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalYouth Violence and Juvenile Justice
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • adverse childhood experiences
  • juvenile justice
  • misconduct
  • residential facilities
  • social competency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Law

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