Ammonia – Formic acid complex: internal rotation analysis, calculations, and new microwave measurements

Kristen K. Roehling, Rhett P. Hill, Adam M. Daly, Stephen G. Kukolich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


New analysis and spectra are reported for the gas-phase ammonia-formic acid complex. Calculations to determine the theoretical barrier to internal rotation were conducted and led to the new internal rotation analysis of the dimer. Using the new analysis and calculations, 12 new lines were measured and assigned and included in the present analysis. This is the first internal rotation analysis for this complex. The measurements were made in the 7–22 GHz range using two Flygare-Balle type pulsed beam Fourier transform microwave (FTMW) spectrometers. The complex was analyzed as a hindered rotor and 20 A and 16 E state transitions were fit with the XIAM5 program. The rotational constants were determined to have the following values: A = 11970.19(9) MHz, B = 4331.479(4) MHz, and C = 3227.144(4) MHz. Rotational constants, quadrupole coupling constants, and internal rotor parameters were fit to the spectrum. Double resonance was used to verify line assignments and access higher frequencies. The barrier to internal rotation was found to be 195.18(7) cm−1. High level calculations are in good agreement with experimental values. The calculated V3 barrier values range from 168.3 to 212.8 cm−1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111884
JournalJournal of molecular spectroscopy
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • Hindered Rotation
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Microwave Spectroscopy
  • Molecular structure
  • Quadrupole Coupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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