Applying a temporal systematics model to vector Apodizing Phase Plate coronagraphic data: TRAP4vAPP

Pengyu Liu, Alexander J. Bohn, David S. Doelman, Ben J. Sutlieff, Matthias Samland, Matthew A. Kenworthy, Frans Snik, Jayne L. Birkby, Beth A. Biller, Jared R. Males, Katie M. Morzinski, Laird M. Close, Gilles P.P.L. Otten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Context. The vector Apodizing Phase Plate (vAPP) is a pupil plane coronagraph that suppresses starlight by forming a dark hole in its point spread function (PSF). The unconventional and non-axisymmetrical PSF arising from the phase modification applied by this coronagraph presents a special challenge to post-processing techniques. Aims. We aim to implement a recently developed post-processing algorithm, temporal reference analysis of planets (TRAP) on vAPP coronagraphic data. The property of TRAP that uses non-local training pixels, combined with the unconventional PSF of vAPP, allows for more flexibility than previous spatial algorithms in selecting reference pixels to model systematic noise. Methods. Datasets from two types of vAPPs are analysed: a double grating-vAPP (dgvAPP360) that produces a single symmetric PSF and a grating-vAPP (gvAPP180) that produces two D-shaped PSFs. We explore how to choose reference pixels to build temporal systematic noise models in TRAP for them. We then compare the performance of TRAP with previously implemented algorithms that produced the best signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) in companion detections in these datasets. Results. We find that the systematic noise between the two D-shaped PSFs is not as temporally associated as expected. Conversely, there is still a significant number of systematic noise sources that are shared by the dark hole and the bright side in the same PSF. We should choose reference pixels from the same PSF when reducing the dgvAPP360 dataset or the gvAPP180 dataset with TRAP. In these datasets, TRAP achieves results consistent with previous best detections, with an improved S/N for the gvAPP180 dataset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA115
JournalAstronomy and astrophysics
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023


  • Instrumentation: high angular resolution
  • Methods: data analysis
  • Planets and satellites: detection
  • Techniques: high angular resolution
  • Techniques: image processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Applying a temporal systematics model to vector Apodizing Phase Plate coronagraphic data: TRAP4vAPP'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this