Building Trust and Awareness to Increase AZ Native Nation Participation in COVID-19 Vaccines

Grant Sears, Marissa Tutt, Samantha Sabo, Naomi Lee, Nicolette Teufel-Shone, Anthony Baca, Marianne Bennett, J. T.Neva Nashio, Fernando Flores, Julie Baldwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The goal of this study was to establish effective, culturally appropriate strategies to enhance participation of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities in prevention and treatment of COVID-19, including vaccine uptake. Thirteen Community Health Representatives (CHRs) from three Arizona Native nations tailored education materials to each community. CHRs delivered the intervention to over 160 community members and administered a pre-posttest to assess trusted sources of information, knowledge, and self-efficacy and intention regarding COVID-19 vaccines. Based on pre-posttest results, doctors/healthcare providers and CHRs were the most trusted health messengers for COVID-19 information; contacts on social media, the state and federal governments, and mainstream news were among the least trusted. Almost two-thirds of respondents felt the education session was relevant to their community and culture, and more than half reported using the education materials to talk to a family member or friend about getting vaccinated. About 67% trusted the COVID-19 information provided and 74% trusted the CHR providing the information. Culturally and locally relevant COVID-19 vaccine information was welcomed and used by community members to advocate for vaccination. The materials and education provided by CHRs were viewed as helpful and emphasized the trust and influence CHRs have in their communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number31
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • American Indian
  • community health representative
  • community health worker
  • coronavirus
  • health education
  • vaccine hesitancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


Dive into the research topics of 'Building Trust and Awareness to Increase AZ Native Nation Participation in COVID-19 Vaccines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this