Deep multiredshift limits on Epoch of Reionization 21 cm power spectra from four seasons of Murchison Widefield Array observations

Cathryn M. Trott, C. H. Jordan, S. Midgley, N. Barry, B. Greig, B. Pindor, J. H. Cook, G. Sleap, S. J. Tingay, D. Ung, P. Hancock, A. Williams, J. Bowman, R. Byrne, A. Chokshi, B. J. Hazelton, K. Hasegawa, D. Jacobs, R. C. Joseph, W. LiJ. L.B. Line, C. Lynch, B. McKinley, D. A. Mitchell, M. F. Morales, M. Ouchi, J. C. Pober, M. Rahimi, K. Takahashi, R. B. Wayth, R. L. Webster, M. Wilensky, J. S.B. Wyithe, S. Yoshiura, Z. Zhang, Q. Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations


We compute the spherically averaged power spectrum from four seasons of data obtained for the Epoch of Reionization (EoR) project observed with the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). We measure the EoR power spectrum over k = 0.07–3.0 h Mpc−1 at redshifts z = 6.5–8.7. The largest aggregation of 110 h on EoR0 high band (3340 observations), yields a lowest measurement of (43 mK)2 = 1.8 × 103 mK2 at k = 0.14 h Mpc−1 and z = 6.5 (2σ thermal noise plus sample variance). Using the Real-Time System to calibrate and the CHIPS pipeline to estimate power spectra, we select the best observations from the central five pointings within the 2013–2016 observing seasons, observing three independent fields and in two frequency bands. This yields 13 591 2-min snapshots (453 h), based on a quality assurance metric that measures ionospheric activity. We perform another cut to remove poorly calibrated data, based on power in the foreground-dominated and EoR-dominated regions of the two-dimensional power spectrum, reducing the set to 12 569 observations (419 h). These data are processed in groups of 20 observations, to retain the capacity to identify poor data, and used to analyse the evolution and structure of the data over field, frequency, and data quality. We subsequently choose the cleanest 8935 observations (298 h of data) to form integrated power spectra over the different fields, pointings, and redshift ranges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4711-4727
Number of pages17
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • Instrumentation: interferometers
  • Methods: statistical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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