Developing process designs for biorefineries-definitions, categories, and unit operations

Tanmay Chaturvedi, Ana I. Torres, George Stephanopoulos, Mette Hedegaard Thomsen, Jens Ejbye Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


In this review, we focus on the literature that described the various unit operations in a process design flowsheet of biorefineries. We begin by establishing the accepted definitions of a biorefinery, go on to describe how to categorize biorefineries, and finally review the literature on biorefinery process designs by listing the unit operation in each process design. Distinguishing biorefineries based on feedstock, the types of processing units, and the products emanating from the biorefinery are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1493
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Bio-products
  • Biomass
  • Biorefinery
  • Lignocellulose
  • Microalgae
  • Process design
  • Proteins
  • Waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Optimization
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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