Doppler radar remote sensing of respiratory function

Mohammad Shadman Ishrak, Fulin Cai, Shekh Md Mahmudul Islam, Olga Borić-Lubecke, Teresa Wu, Victor M. Lubecke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Doppler radar remote sensing of torso kinematics can provide an indirect measure of cardiopulmonary function. Motion at the human body surface due to heart and lung activity has been successfully used to characterize such measures as respiratory rate and depth, obstructive sleep apnea, and even the identity of an individual subject. For a sedentary subject, Doppler radar can track the periodic motion of the portion of the body moving as a result of the respiratory cycle as distinct from other extraneous motions that may occur, to provide a spatial temporal displacement pattern that can be combined with a mathematical model to indirectly assess quantities such as tidal volume, and paradoxical breathing. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that even healthy respiratory function results in distinct motion patterns between individuals that vary as a function of relative time and depth measures over the body surface during the inhalation/exhalation cycle. Potentially, the biomechanics that results in different measurements between individuals can be further exploited to recognize pathology related to lung ventilation heterogeneity and other respiratory diagnostics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1130478
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Doppler radar
  • data driven models
  • identity authentication
  • machine Learning
  • respiratory monitoring
  • respiratory signature
  • vital signs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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