Ecological sampling methods for studying everyday situations

Cornelia Wrzus, Matthias R. Mehl

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


This chapter reviews existing and emerging methodologies for the ambulatory assessment of real-world situations. It distinguishes between first-person/subjective and third-person/objective approaches and provides research examples for each reviewed ecological assessment method. The chapter opens with a discussion of why it is important to assess situations directly in daily life. The following two main sections review approaches for (a) the first-person assessment of real-world situation experiences and perceptions, such as experience sampling and daily diary approaches, and (b) the third-person assessment of objective real-world situation cues, such as naturalistic observation and mobile sensing. Finally, the chapter provides a methodological discussion of the cue-perception interplay and highlights potential future directions in the study of everyday situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Psychological Situations
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780190263348
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Ambulatory assessment
  • Daily diary
  • Experience sampling
  • Mobile sensing
  • Naturalistic observation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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