Effects of sleep on breakfast behaviors in recently unemployed adults

Leah C. Callovini, Darlynn M. Rojo-Wissar, Candace Mayer, David A. Glickenstein, Avinash J. Karamchandani, Kevin K. Lin, Cynthia A. Thomson, Stuart F. Quan, Graciela E. Silva, Patricia L. Haynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Skipping meals is linked to negative cardiometabolic health outcomes. Few studies have examined the effects of breakfast skipping after disruptive life events, like job loss. The present analyses examine whether sleep timing, duration, and continuity are associated with breakfast eating among 186 adults who recently (past 90 days) experienced involuntary unemployment from the Assessing Daily Activity Patterns Through Occupational Transitions (ADAPT) study. Methods: We conducted both cross-sectional and 18-month longitudinal analyses to assess the relationship between actigraphic sleep after job loss and breakfast eating. Results: Later sleep timing was associated with a lower percentage of days breakfast was eaten at baseline (B = −0.09, SE = 0.02, P < .001) and longitudinally over 18 months (estimate = −0.04; SE = 0.02; P < .05). No other sleep indices were associated with breakfast consumption cross-sectionally or prospectively. Conclusions: Unemployed adults with a delay in sleep timing are more likely to skip breakfast than adults with an advancement in sleep timing. Future studies are necessary to test chronobiological mechanisms by which sleep timing might impact breakfast eating. With the understanding that sleep timing is linked to breakfast eating, the advancement of sleep timing may provide a pathway for the promotion of breakfast eating, ultimately preventing cardiometabolic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSleep Health
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Eating behavior
  • Morning meal
  • Sleep midpoint
  • Total sleep time
  • Unemployment
  • Wake time after sleep onset

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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