Electronic Spin Qubit Candidates Arrayed within Layered Two-Dimensional Polymers

Alexander K. Oanta, Kelsey A. Collins, Austin M. Evans, Saied Md Pratik, Lyndon A. Hall, Michael J. Strauss, Seth R. Marder, Deanna M. D'Alessandro, Tijana Rajh, Danna E. Freedman, Hong Li, Jean Luc Brédas, Lei Sun, William R. Dichtel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Molecular electronic spin qubits are promising candidates for quantum information science applications because they can be reliably produced and engineered via chemical design. Embedding electronic spin qubits within two-dimensional polymers (2DPs) offers the possibility to systematically engineer inter-qubit interactions while maintaining long coherence times, both of which are prerequisites to their technological utility. Here, we introduce electronic spin qubits into a diamagnetic 2DP by n-doping naphthalene diimide subunits with varying amounts of CoCp2 and analyze their spin densities by quantitative electronic paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Low spin densities (e.g., 6.0 × 1012 spins mm-3) enable lengthy spin-lattice (T1) and spin-spin relaxation (T2) times across a range of temperatures, ranging from T1 values of 164 ms at 10 K to 30.2 μs at 296 K and T2 values of 2.36 μs at 10 K to 0.49 μs at 296 K for the lowest spin density sample examined. Higher spin densities and temperatures were both found to diminish T1 times, which we attribute to detrimental cross-relaxation from spin-spin dipolar interactions and spin-phonon coupling, respectively. Higher spin densities decreased T2 times and modulated the T2 temperature dependence. We attribute these differences to the competition between hyperfine and dipolar interactions for electron spin decoherence, with the dominant interaction transitioning from the former to the latter as spin density and temperature increase. Overall, this investigation demonstrates that dispersing electronic spin qubits within layered 2DPs enables chemical control of their inter-qubit interactions and spin decoherence times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-696
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 11 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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