Emissions of acrolein and other aldehydes from biodiesel-fueled heavy-duty vehicles

Thomas Cahill, Robert A. Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Aldehyde emissions were measured from two heavy-duty trucks, namely 2000 and 2008 model year vehicles meeting different EPA emission standards. The tests were conducted on a chassis dynamometer and emissions were collected from a constant volume dilution tunnel. For the 2000 model year vehicle, four different fuels were tested, namely California ultralow sulfur diesel (CARB ULSD), soy biodiesel, animal biodiesel, and renewable diesel. All of the fuels were tested with simulated city and high speed cruise drive cycles. For the 2008 vehicle, only soy biodiesel and CARB ULSD fuels were tested. The research objective was to compare aldehyde emission rates between (1) the test fuels, (2) the drive cycles, and (3) the engine technologies. The results showed that soy biodiesel had the highest acrolein emission rates while the renewable diesel showed the lowest. The drive cycle also affected emission rates with the cruise drive cycle having lower emissions than the urban drive cycle. Lastly, the newer vehicle with the diesel particulate filter had greatly reduced carbonyl emissions compared to the other vehicles, thus demonstrating that the engine technology had a greater influence on emission rates than the fuels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8382-8388
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 7 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry


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