Environmental control of PFALs

Ying Zhang, Murat Kacira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Plant factory with artificial lighting (PFAL) is an emerging technology to grow plants inside buildings under sole source lighting. Climate control in PFALs is challenging as the environmental control systems and methods are mainly derived from the practice and design guidelines of other controlled environment agriculture production systems, such as greenhouses and growth chambers. This chapter discusses the design considerations of air distribution systems and control strategies and methods for airflow, humidity, and CO2 enrichment in PFALs. Insights on Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning optimization using advanced approach to further improve the resource use efficiency of PFALs are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPlant Factory Basics, Applications and Advances
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780323851527
ISBN (Print)9780323859226
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Airflow distribution
  • COenrichment
  • HVAC optimization
  • Humidity control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • General Business, Management and Accounting


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