Evidence for Win-Stay-Lose-Shift in Puppies and Adult Dogs

Molly Byrne, Emily E. Bray, Evan L. MacLean, Angie M. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many organisms encounter situations where they lack information required to successfully exploit a resource. One stable strategy that may be particularly useful is a win-stay-lose-shift strategy, in which an individual continues to perform a behavior that has proven fruitful in the recent past or otherwise shifts to a new behavior. Here we investigate whether domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) use a win-stay-lose-shift strategy utilizing data from 326 puppies and 323 adult dogs on a repeated object-choice task. We found a significant effect of previous-trial success on dogs' subsequent search patterns. Specifically, dogs were more likely to shift search locations if they were unsuccessful on the previous trial. These findings suggest that puppies and adult dogs win-stay-lose-shift.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages2884-2889
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2020
Event42nd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Developing a Mind: Learning in Humans, Animals, and Machines, CogSci 2020 -
Duration: Jan 1 2020 → …

Conference

Conference42nd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Developing a Mind: Learning in Humans, Animals, and Machines, CogSci 2020
Period1/1/20 → …

Keywords

  • dogs
  • evolution
  • strategies
  • win-stay-lose-shift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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