Incidental Emotions and Cooperation in a Public Goods Game

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6 Scopus citations


The study reported here considers the relationship between emotional state and cooperation. An experiment is conducted in which the emotions of fear, happiness, and disgust are induced using 360-degree videos, shown in virtual reality. There is also a control condition in which a neutral state is induced. Under the Fear, Happiness, and Disgust conditions, the cooperation level is lower than under the Neutral condition. Furthermore, cooperation declines over time in the three emotion conditions, while it does not under Neutral. The findings suggest that emotions are associated with the dynamic pattern of declining cooperation over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number800701
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
StatePublished - Mar 10 2022


  • cooperation
  • emotion
  • experiment
  • free-riding
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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