Landscape performance evaluation in socio-ecological practice: current status and prospects

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10 Scopus citations


In the past decade, performance evaluation becomes a priority area in research and practice in the landscape architecture profession, with its influence originating from the USA and extending to other countries. The goal is to quantitatively demonstrate the environmental, social, and economic benefits of built landscape projects or, at the planning and design stage, to gauge the project’s level of fulfilment to intended goals. Structurally, the evaluation framework facilitates a healthy part-nership of diverse stakeholders, including researchers, designers, clients, users, and policy makers. When adaptive design, design for resilience, and design under the uncertainty of climate change become the new norms in landscape architecture practice, performance metrics will gain interest in the communication of design merits. The author reports the current status of landscape performance evaluation by introducing the major players in this enterprise, including supporting professional organizations, accrediting and regulating agencies, research programs, and leading professional firms. In addition, 102 published landscape performance evaluation case studies are analyzed to demonstrate their contributions at the scholarly, practical, and policy levels. Last, the author suggests that the current scope of performance evaluation be expanded and offers recommendations for future development in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-104
Number of pages14
JournalSocio-Ecological Practice Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2020


  • Ecological resilience
  • Ecosystem services
  • Green infrastructure
  • Knowledge implementation and impact research
  • Landscape architecture foundation
  • Planning
  • Policy
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Urban Studies
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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