Leveraging shadow networks for procedural justice

Abigail York, Mahir Yazar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Increasingly, environmental sustainability-governance research investigates procedural justice, which is focused on fairness, discrimination, and inclusion in decision-making. To understand the (re)production of inequity and environmental injustice, we must examine who is included and excluded, what types of knowledge and information are incorporated, and how more inclusive processes may (not) facilitate transformation of environmental governance. A growing empirical literature explores the potential of shadow networks to expand inclusion in governance arenas. Shadow networks work inside and outside the dominant system, facilitate information flows, create nodes of expertize, identify knowledge gaps, engage in social learning, and explore alternatives to the status quo, yet some shadow networks reinforce historic legacies of injustice exacerbating exclusion and centering particular actors or communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101190
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
StatePublished - Aug 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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