Mammography Compliance for Arizona and New Mexico Hispanic and American Indian Women 2016–2018

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Hispanic and American Indian (AI) women experience lower breast cancer incidence than non-Hispanic White (NHW) women, but later-stage diagnoses and lower survival rates, suggesting issues with screening and healthcare access. Between 1999–2015, NHW breast cancer incidence decreased by 10% but increased by 8% for AI women. This study used 2016 and 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for Arizona and New Mexico to explore mammography screening. Analyses included Hispanic, AI, and NHW women aged ≥40 years (n = 12,830) to calculate age-specific compliance by race/ethnicity, logistic regression, and adjusted and sample-weighted evaluated associations between compliance and socio-economic covariates. In total, 75.1% of Hispanic women aged 50–74 reported mammography in the past two years (United States Preventive Services Task Force compliant) compared to 73.9% of NHW and 71.0% of AI women. Women who reported doctor visits in the past 12 months were likelier to comply than those without (AOR = 4.2 for Hispanic, 2.9 for AI, and 3.2 for NHW women). Reporting access to a personal doctor was related to compliance, except for AI women. While screening compliance was over 74%, visiting a healthcare provider in the past 12 months was essential. AI women reported issues that suggest unique challenges when deciding on mammography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number19
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024


  • cancer disparities
  • healthcare access
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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