Ordinary state-based peri‑ultrasound modeling for monitoring crack propagation in plate structures using sideband peak count-index technique

Guangdong Zhang, Xiongbing Li, Tianji Li, Tribikram Kundu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This work presents a nonlocal theory based on ordinary state-based (OSB) peridynamics for numerical modeling of crack propagation under loadings and peri‑ultrasound modeling for elastic wave propagation that interacts with generated cracks in 3-D plate structures. Propagating cracks in plate structures for two types of loading – tensile and shear are considered. For both loading cases, at six different times after the start of the loading the analysis is carried out to investigate how the results vary for these six different stages of crack propagation. An ultrasonic excitation is applied at a point on the surface of the plate to generate guided waves propagating through the plate structure and interacting with generated cracks at different stages of crack formation. The out-of-plane velocity fields are recorded at the receiving material point for further analysis. A relatively new and promising nonlinear ultrasonic (NLU) technique called sideband peak count-index (or SPC-I) is adopted to extract the nonlinear response due to the generated cracks. Results show that when the crack propagation is at its early stage the SPC-I value first increases, and then decreases with time at the advanced stages of crack propagation. This is because for both types of loading (tensile or shear) the newly generated cracks are small cracks (or micro-cracks) in the beginning and then they evolve into macro-cracks under increasing loadings. The observation for SPC-I trends is consistent with other numerical modelings and experimental observations reported in the literature, and such qualitative matching gives confidence in the proposed method. The proposed method combining the peri‑ultrasound modeling and SPC-I technique presented in this paper can provide a new insight for monitoring crack propagation and give some guidance for experimental structural health monitoring (SHM) applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117962
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
StatePublished - Jan 6 2024


  • 3-D plate structures
  • Crack propagation monitoring
  • Nonlinear ultrasonic technique
  • Ordinary state-based peridynamics
  • Peri-ultrasound modeling
  • SPC-I technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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