Objective: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair has emerged as the dominant paradigm for treatment of patients with descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. For aneurysms involving the aortic arch in the region of the left subclavian artery (LSA), branch vessel preservation to maintain blood flow to the LSA is recommended. Branched aortic endografts are an alternative to surgical revascularization of the LSA. Methods: Across 34 investigative sites, 84 patients with zone 2 aneurysms were enrolled in a nonrandomized, prospective study of a single branched aortic endograft. The thoracic branch endoprosthesis device allows for graft placement proximal to the LSA and incorporates a single side branch for left subclavian perfusion. Results: More than one-half of the patients were male (63%). Their average age was 70 ± 11 years. The aneurysm morphology was fusiform in 43 and saccular in 41 patients. The mean aneurysm diameter at screening was 56.2 mm. The mean follow-up was 30 months (range, 2.6-50.7 months). Reported here are the patient outcomes at 1 and 12 months. Predefined technical success with implantation of the device in landing zone 2 was achieved in 92% of patients (n = 77). There were no cases of aortic rupture, lesion-related mortality, or new-onset renal failure. There was no perioperative (30-day) mortality. A single case each of permanent paraplegia and paraparesis occurred. Three patients experienced a procedure-related stroke. Through 12 months, four patients died; none of the deaths were adjudicated as related to the device or procedure. One aortic reintervention was required. A single case of aortic enlargement (core laboratory) was reported at 6 months. Type I (n = 3) and III (n = 5) endoleaks occurred in 9.8% of patients, of which one (type III) required reintervention. Conclusions: Results from this device study in patients with zone 2 aneurysms demonstrate that early safety and efficacy outcomes are maintained up to 12 months after the endovascular procedure with low mortality and reintervention rates and an acceptable frequency of procedural complications, including neurologic complications.
- Branched aortic endoprosthesis
- Left subclavian artery
- Zone 2 aneurysm
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine