Overcoming terms of service: a proposal for ethical distributed research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


The last two years has marked a turning point in access to large-scale social media data for many researchers, as platforms hobbled their APIs and made recording, archiving, and analyzing social life online far more difficult. Particularly in the context of the United States, where violating the rules put in place by social platforms has the potential to lead to criminal charges, the balance of power between the extremely financially successful social media industry on one side, and the users and researchers of these platforms on the other, has become dangerously skewed. This article argues for a pragmatic partnering with the users to do research, rather than with the platform owners, and suggests some ways in which this might be accomplished.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1567-1581
Number of pages15
JournalInformation Communication and Society
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2019


  • Big data
  • decentralization
  • platform politics
  • research ethics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Library and Information Sciences

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