Joshua Neveu, Owen Pryor, Stefan Cich, Ellen Stechel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This paper presents the design and cost optimization of a novel 2MWth 3-stream sCO2 plate-fin heat exchanger. This heat exchanger design is unique in that it uses reduced metal oxide particle-to-sCO2 heat exchanger for cost-effective energy storage applications. The design uses low velocity, laminar air as the re-oxidizing reactant to transfer the heat of the reoxidizing reaction to a sCO2 power loop. The design of the heat exchanger is based on a 2-D, 3-fluid plate/fin heat transfer model. The model parameterizes the size, shape, and number of passages of the heat exchanger to calculate the temperature profile, pressure drop, and fluid velocities of all three fluids. Global heat exchanger parameters such as the effectiveness and total heat transferred to the sCO2 are then calculated for overall performance. Due to the value and increased use of sCO2 heat exchangers in power cycles, a cost model of the system based on the unique high temperature/high pressure operating conditions was created using quotes from reference projects and market analysis. These quoted air-to-sCO2 heat exchangers are then processed using multiple weighting factors pertinent to heat exchanger design, including heat exchanger type, maximum temperature, differential pressures, fluids, duty, and more. These factors are then used in an exponential function in order to generate a parameterized cost curve. The design and cost of the heat exchanger are then optimized using the SMPSO genetic algorithm in Python. The optimization objectives for the system are to maximize the overall system effectiveness, including an air recuperator for preheating, and to minimize unit costs. Additional constraints are added to the system for the sCO2 and air pressure drops, air velocity to reduce particle entrainment, and the length and volume of the heat exchanger.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSupercritical CO2
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791886083
StatePublished - 2022
EventASME Turbo Expo 2022: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2022 - Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: Jun 13 2022Jun 17 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo


ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2022: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2022


  • Cost Model
  • Economic Analysis
  • Heat Exchanger
  • Parametric Modeling
  • Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers
  • Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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