Seasonal, Latitudinal, and Longitudinal Trends in Nighttime Ozone Vertical Structure on Mars From MAVEN/IUVS Stellar Occultations

A. S. Braude, F. Montmessin, N. M. Schneider, S. Gupta, S. K. Jain, F. Lefèvre, A. Määttänen, L. Verdier, Z. Flimon, F. Y. Jiang, R. V. Yelle, J. Deighan, S. M. Curry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Stellar occultation measurements conducted by the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile and EvolutioN/Imaging UltraViolet Spectrograph instrument were able to make vertically resolved measurements of ozone density in the middle atmosphere of Mars that offered good coverage with respect to latitude, longitude, and local time. These measurements were used to identify systematic variations in the vertical structure of ozone with longitude that could be distinguished from general trends in the evolution of ozone with respect to season and latitude. A total of 583 individual nightside occultations between Martian years 32 and 36 were analyzed, of which 224 were confirmed to have ozone, all found between Ls = 15°–165°. Close to aphelion (Ls = 60°–90°), peak ozone densities between 30 and 40 km altitude were observed to be within error of model predictions at all measured latitudes, but diverged from model predictions before and after this time. At low latitudes, seasonal changes were seen to have the greatest effect on the observed vertical structure of ozone, with detached ozone layer densities at altitudes above 30 km usually varying within approximately a factor of two along a given latitudinal band at a given time of year. Nonetheless, evidence of a persistent regional enhancement of ozone abundance was observed over equatorial latitudes during the aphelion season, spanning a longitude range of approximately 50°–130°E longitude. Planetary waves were clearly observed at higher Southern latitudes during Southern winter, often resulting in order of magnitude variations in ozone density with longitude.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2022JE007697
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Volume128
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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