Sleep Disturbances and Hygiene of Adolescent Female Survivors of Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking

Megan E. Petrov, Samantha Calvin, Kiley B.Vander Wyst, Corrie M. Whisner, Lisa J. Meltzer, Angela Chia Chen Chen, Kaitlyn N. Felix, Dominique Roe-Sepowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: This cross-sectional quantitative study investigated the sleep hygiene and disturbances of adolescent female survivors of domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) compared to an online sample of community-dwelling adolescent females. Method: Community-dwelling adolescent females (aged 13–17 years, n = 61) and survivors of DMST housed in residental care (aged 12–17 years, n = 19) completed the Children's Report of Sleep Patterns (adolescent version). Descriptive statistics on sleep health in both samples were computed and compared using chi-square and t-tests. Results: Among the survivors of DMST, the majority reported insufficient sleep duration, okay-to-poor sleep quality, waking thirsty, and frequent nightmares. Compared with community-dwelling adolescents, survivors of DMST had more symptoms of insomnia, sleepiness, nightmares, and waking thirsty (p < .05). Discussion: Sleep disturbances among adolescent female survivors of DMST may be more prevalent than in community-dwelling adolescent females. Further empirical research on appropriate assessment and trauma-informed treatment of sleep in this population is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-60
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pediatric Health Care
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

Keywords

  • Trauma symptoms
  • adolescent girls
  • child sex trafficking
  • sleep health
  • sleep hygiene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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