## Abstract

To the memory of Krzysztof Gawȩdzki, a pioneer of rigorous renormalization group studiesWe continue our study of rigorous renormalization group (RG) maps for tensor networks that was begun in Kennedy and Rychkov (J Stat Phys Ser, 187 (3), 33, 2022). In this paper, we construct a rigorous RG map for 2D tensor networks whose domain includes tensors that represent the 2D Ising model at low temperatures with a magnetic field h. We prove that the RG map has two stable fixed points, corresponding to the two ground states, and one unstable fixed point which is an example of a discontinuity fixed point. For the Ising model at low temperatures, the RG map flows to one of the stable fixed points if (Formula presented.), and to the discontinuity fixed point if (Formula presented.). In addition to the nearest neighbor and magnetic field terms in the Hamiltonian, we can include small terms that need not be spin-flip invariant. In this case, we prove there is a critical value (Formula presented.) of the field (which depends on these additional small interactions and the temperature) such that the RG map flows to the discontinuity fixed point if (Formula presented.) and to one of the stable fixed points otherwise. We use our RG map to give a new proof of previous results on the first-order transition, namely, that the free energy is analytic for (Formula presented.), and the magnetization is discontinuous at (Formula presented.). The construction of our low-temperature RG map, in particular the disentangler, is surprisingly very similar to the construction of the map in Kennedy and Rychkov (2022) for the high-temperature phase. We also give a pedagogical discussion of some general rigorous transformations for infinite-dimensional tensor networks and an overview of the proof of stability of the high-temperature fixed point for the RG map in Kennedy and Rychkov (2022).

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 773-841 |

Number of pages | 69 |

Journal | Annales Henri Poincare |

Volume | 25 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 2024 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Mathematical Physics