The clumpy structure of ϵ Eridani's debris disc revisited by ALMA

Mark Booth, Tim D. Pearce, Alexander V. Krivov, Mark C. Wyatt, William R.F. Dent, Antonio S. Hales, Jean François Lestrade, Fernando Cruz-Sáenz De Miera, Virginie C. Faramaz, Torsten Löhne, Miguel Chavez-Dagostino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

ϵ Eridani is the closest star to our Sun known to host a debris disc. Prior observations in the (sub-)millimetre regime have potentially detected clumpy structure in the disc and attributed this to interactions with an (as yet) undetected planet. However, the prior observations were unable to distinguish between structure in the disc and background confusion. Here, we present the first ALMA image of the entire disc, which has a resolution of 1.6 × 1.2 arcsec2. We clearly detect the star, the main belt, and two-point sources. The resolution and sensitivity of this data allow us to clearly distinguish background galaxies (that show up as point sources) from the disc emission. We show that the two-point sources are consistent with background galaxies. After taking account of these, we find that resolved residuals are still present in the main belt, including two clumps with a >3σ significance - one to the east of the star and the other to the north-west. We perform N-body simulations to demonstrate that a migrating planet can form structures similar to those observed by trapping planetesimals in resonances. We find that the observed features can be reproduced by a migrating planet trapping planetesimals in the 2:1 mean motion resonance and the symmetry of the most prominent clumps means that the planet should have a position angle of either ∼10° or ∼190°. Observations over multiple epochs are necessary to test whether the observed features rotate around the star.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6180-6194
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume521
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • planet-disc interactions
  • stars: individual: ϵ Eri
  • submillimetre: planetary systems
  • submillimetre: stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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