The New Version 3.2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly and Daily Precipitation Products

George J. Huffman, Robert F. Adler, Ali Behrangi, David T. Bolvin, Eric J. Nelkin, G. U. Guojun, Mohammad Reza Ehsani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Version 3.2 Precipitation Analysis provides globally complete analyses of surface precipitation on a 0.58 3 0.58 latitude–longitude grid at both monthly and daily time scales, covering from 1983 to the present and from June 2000 to the present, respectively. These merged products continue the GPCP heritage of incorporating precipitation estimates from low-orbit satellite microwave data, geosynchronous-orbit satellite infrared data, sounder-based estimates, and surface rain gauge observations emphasizing the strengths of various inputs and striving for time and space homogeneity. Furthermore, these analyses incorporate modern algorithms, refined intercalibrations among sensors, climatologies of recent high-quality satellite precipitation data, and fine-scale multisatellite estimates. New data fields have been introduced to better characterize the precipitation, including the fraction of the precipitation that is liquid (rain) in both the monthly and daily products, and a quality index for the monthly product. Compared to the operational GPCP Version 2.3 Monthly, the Version 3.2 Monthly product provides a more reasonable climatology in the Southern Ocean and increases the estimated global average precipitation by about 4.5%, which is similar to estimates from recent global water budget assessments. Global and regional trends for 1983–2020 with this new Monthly dataset are very similar to those computed from Version 2.3. Compared to the operational One-Degree Daily (Version 1.3) product, the new Version 3.2 Daily is designed to better represent the histogram of precipitation rates, particularly at high values and shifts the start of less-certain high-latitude estimates from 408 to 588 latitude in each hemisphere. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Studies of Earth’s climate require long-term global datasets based on observations to show how the climate functions and to validate numerical climate models. This study describes an important upgrade to the monthly and daily precipitation (rain and snow) products computed by the Global Precipitation Climatology Project. We use modern analysis schemes, add new sources of data, and deliver results on a finer-scale 0.58 3 0.58 latitude–longitude grid [roughly 55 km (34 mi) on a side at the equator]. The new data show improved agreement with other studies and depict more reasonable behavior in the Southern Ocean.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7635-7655
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Climate
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 2023


  • Climate records
  • Microwave observations
  • Precipitation
  • Rainfall
  • Satellite observations
  • Snowfall

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


Dive into the research topics of 'The New Version 3.2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly and Daily Precipitation Products'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this