Validation of a Novel Parallel-Actuated Shoulder Exoskeleton Robot for the Characterization of Human Shoulder Impedance

Dongjune Chang, Justin Hunt, John Atkins, Hyunglae Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study validates the effectiveness of a recently developed parallel-actuated shoulder exoskeleton robot for the purpose of characterizing the neuromuscular properties of the human shoulder joint. In particular, shoulder mechanical impedance was quantified, which can be represented by a 2nd order system consisting of spring, damper and inertia. The shoulder exoskeleton robot, which utilizes a new type of 4-bar spherical parallel manipulator (4B-SPM), has inherently low inertia and as a result can provide fast perturbations that are often essential for characterizing neuromuscular properties. The robot was first evaluated by using a physical shoulder mockup with adjustable and known spring and mass properties. The results of the mockup test confirmed the reliability of the robot for the characterization of the mockup properties. Stiffness of the tested springs was accurately quantified with an error of less than 1.6 Nm/rad in any of the tested conditions. A pilot study with 5 human subjects further confirmed that the robot could be successfully used to quantify multi-dimensional human shoulder impedance in both pitch and yaw directions with high reliability (R2 > 0.97). The average human shoulder stiffness and damping at around the neutral arm posture under low muscle activation (< 5% maximum voluntary contraction) were 30.9 Nm/rad and 3.0 Nms/rad, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2021 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages11560-11565
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728190778
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event2021 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2021 - Xi'an, China
Duration: May 30 2021Jun 5 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
Volume2021-May

Conference

Conference2021 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2021
Country/TerritoryChina
CityXi'an
Period5/30/216/5/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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